DARWINs enjoy whole brokerage fees - 60% cheaper than the commission retail traders pay. Here is the full list of conditions of investing in DARWINs.
- Minimum / Maximum investment & FIFO rule
- Trading hours
- Brokerage fees
- Management fees
- Performance fees
- Conditional orders
The DARWIN's quote is determined by the return obtained since the underlying strategy's inception with 100 = 0.00% return.
If there are open trades on the underlying strategy, the DARWIN's quote updates every 30 seconds.
The price shows what an investor would have theoretically obtained if they had invested in the same currency as the underlying strategy, with an initial value of 100, and with an identical execution between the DARWIN and the investor, i.e. 0% divergence.
Although rrokerage fees are factored into the quote, both management and performance fees are not.
Read more: What does the DARWIN's quote mean?
Minimum & Maximum investment and FIFO rule
- The minimum amount to invest in a DARWIN is 200 units of your Wallet's base currency (EUR, USD, or GBP), and in increments of 25 units for subsequent investments or partial closures.
- The maximum amount to invest in a DARWIN is 100,000 units of your Wallet's base currency. Get in touch with us (email@example.com) if you wish to make an investment above this amount so we can review your case.
- If you have made various investments in the same DARWIN and you wish to make a partial closure of the same DARWIN, Darwinex will apply the FIFO rule (First In, First Out). In other words, the oldest investment will be the first one to be closed, and then the next investments based on the investment date on the DARWIN.
- The profits generated with a DARWIN will be automatically reinvested while the investment is open.
The divergence is the difference between the return obtained by the investors in a DARWIN, and the theoretical return of a DARWIN.
It is shown as a percentage and its value can be either negative or positive.
Divergence is caused mainly by investor volume with system latency and difference in base currencies being additional minor causes of divergence.
Providers can control investors' divergence via order fractioning and capacity management. With regards to the latter, they can specify the conditions under which to close / reopen investments in their DARWIN.
When the DARWIN closes to new investor capital, both investors – including those with a conditional order – and DARWIN providers, will receive a notification.
Read more: What is divergence?
- Monday to Thursday 17:05-16:59 New York Time.
- On Fridays, the market will close at 16:55 New York Time.
A DARWIN is a liquid financial asset, which can be bought and sold instantly 24/5, except:
- During market rollover. As a protecting measure toward our investors, and due to the noticeable decrease in liquidity in the market, between 16:59 and 17:05 New York Time, the DARWINExchange will remain closed. The only exception will be Friday night when the market will close at 16:55 instead of 16:59 New York.
- Market closure. If the DARWIN has open trades in assets which market is temporarily closed, be it due to a bank holiday or usual daily market closure, the purchase/sale will not be carried out immediately. The system will buy/sell those assets in which markets are open, waiting for the opening of the other markets to complete the operation. In case of a sell order, only after 100% of the assets open in the DARWIN have been sold will the operation appear in the "History" tab and the capital as "Available".
DARWIN orders enjoy wholesale brokerage fees - 60% cheaper than the commission retail traders pay.
This is to make Alpha production neutral & efficient = independent from the volume and frequency of the trades.
In terms of spreads and swaps, DARWINs pay the same fees as retail traders as we pass on the fees we're charged by our Prime Brokers.
Read more: Assets and spreads
We charge 1.2% annual management fees on invested equity (1.85% for 10% VaR DARWINs during phasing out).
Every business day (M-F) 1.2% / 261 is charged on the equity (invested + PnL without performance fees).
For each day, the average equity during the day is taken into account.
To calculate the average equity during the day, the investment is weighted by the time it has been open during the day.
For example, if an investor would've had an invested equity (invested + PnL) of 4,000 for 12 hours, that'd be 2,000 of average daily equity.
The management fee is charged daily at closing the investment in a DARWIN or at market closure.
No management fees are charged during inactive DARWIN periods.
We identify inactive periods based on the DARWIN's behavior over the previous 6 months.
We look for gaps with no market exposure, i.e. no open trades or net trades. E.g., an account with +1 EURUSD and -1 EURUSD is considered to have no exposure.
From these gaps, we select those that are in the 95% percentile, i.e. 5% of the largest in duration.
From these, we take the one with the shortest duration which will be our reference to determine the inactivity threshold. An account is considered inactive if it currently has no exposure and that this gap is greater than or equal to the gap we use as a reference.
Irrespective of the abovementioned, a DARWIN will be considered inactive if the current gap is greater than 2 weeks.
We charge 20% quarterly performance fees per invested DARWIN calculated using the HWM (high-water mark) method.
Using this method we ensure that you only pay performance fees for new profits earned avoiding overlapping with profits from previous time periods.
Your quarter starts when you make your firsts investment in a DARWIN in the same portfolio.
Your successive investments in the same DARWIN in the same portfolio have no effect on the starting date of the quarter.
Should you invest in the same DARWIN in a different portfolio (you can have up to 5 live portfolios), HWM starting dates across portfolios would be different.
Each time a new quarter period comes to an end, and in case the previous high-water mark has been surpassed, we'll charge you 20% of the net profit (closed profit + open profit) generated in the quarter.
Read more: What are performance fees?
For investors who're comfortable with higher risk levels than DARWINs' default 6.5% monthly target VaR(95%), we offer the possibility to increase the leverage x3.
This means that with e.g. 5,000 own funds you'll be able to invest up to 15,000.
Investing 15,000 in 6.5% VaR DARWINs is the same as investing 5,000 in 19.5% VaR DARWINs.
Portfolio leverage is disabled by default but once enabled it cannot be deactivated.
Read more: What is leverage for a DARWIN portfolio?
Conditional orders are orders which are not immediately executed since the quote price has to reach a certain value before the order is triggered.
We offer four types of conditional orders for DARWINs.
- Buy Limit. A Buy Limit order will buy a DARWIN at a lower quote than its current one. This option is used by investors who want to make the most of a drawdown in a DARWIN in order to buy at a ''cheaper'' quote.
- Buy Stop. A Buy Stop order will purchase a DARWIN at a higher price than its current one., This order is used by investors who want to make the most of the momentum of a specific DARWIN.
- Take Profit. A Take Profit order will sell a DARWIN at a higher quote than its current one.
- Stop Loss. A Stop Loss order will sell a DARWIN at a lower quote than its current one.
Read more: What are conditional orders?
Due to the low leverage at which DARWINs trade, the probability of negative balances is very low.
Nevertheless, Darwinex needs to have a mechanism to prevent, as far as possible, negative balances altogether.
The stop-out is applied per DARWIN and not per portfolio.
The stop-out gets triggered the moment losses of a real investment in a DARWIN reach 90% of the real (not the leveraged) investment.
For example, if an investor invests €15,000 in a DARWIN in a leveraged portfolio (the real investment is €5,000 since the other 10,000 are borrowed from Darwinex), when losses reach €4,500, Darwinex will immediately close the investment in such DARWIN.